Reducing Edema-Associated Skin Complications

Skin layers

Skin problems associated with edema (swelling) are common and difficult to treat.  In addition, the diagnosis of lymphedema or phlebolymphedema often signals substantial changes in an individual’s quality of life.  Physical complications and changes in appearance may lead to embarrassment and withdrawal from normal everyday activities.There are two main causes of lymphedema: the removal of lymph nodes during the diagnosis and treatment of cancer, and chronic venous insufficiency (CVI).  Lymphedema associated with cancer is caused by either the removal of lymph nodes during cancer surgery or damage to lymph nodes during radiation therapy.  This loss or damage can reduce or stop the normal flow of lymphatic fluid through the lymphatic system.

Lymphedema associated with CVI is referred to as phlebolymphedema. This condition usually develops over an extended period of time and is difficult to treat.  Wounding is often found with phlebolymphedema due to the skin loosing vital structure.  Edema causes structural changes in the skin and capillaries that are required for skin integrity.  A thickening of the epidermal, dermal and soft tissue is related to the skin and capillary damage.  The skin of individuals with lymphedema or phlebolymphedema is also prone to bacterial infections and inflammation.

Helping Reduce Inflammation 

Shea Butter

Viniferamine® skin and wound care products contain ingredients that help reduce inflammation including the three beneficial polyphenols, oleuropein, resveratrol, and epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) from olives, grapes, and green tea, respectively, as well as the important small molecules, melatonin, and L-glutathione.  In addition, dipotassium glycyrrhizinate from licorice, avenathramides in oats, aloe vera and shea butter have also been shown to possess anti-inflammatory activities.

Proper skin care including gentle cleansing with Viniferamine® Antiseptic Cleanser-CS is vital for individuals with edema.  Antiseptic Cleanser-CS provides a constant spray at any angle including upside down.  It includes a gentle, broad-spectrum antimicrobial used in many eye drops, and it reduces the over-population of microorganisms while maintaining the balance of the skin’s normal chemistry and flora.  In addition to providing skin with proper care, monitoring individuals with edema for signs of infection including redness, heat, or pain (that could require medical diagnosis and treatment including antibiotics) should be performed daily.

 Compression Garments and Silicone Barrier

Arm with Wound

Various compression garments including compression stockings can improve edema.  Compression treatment applies a light, even pressure. The use of compression can reduce swelling and protect fragile capillaries from damage.Compression garments or bandages cause an opposing force against accumulating lymph fluid and compression therapy often requires their use for extended periods of time.  Although the garments and bandages currently available are made of advanced materials that are more comfortable, they can still have undesirable effects such as wicking moisture out of skin resulting in dry skin.

Advanced silicone products like Viniferamine® Silicone Barrier that includes dimethicone can provide a barrier to keep moisture in the skin.  In addition, Silicone Barrier can be used to help decrease scarring that is often reduced when the skin is kept hydrated.  Moreover, Silicone Barrier can help prevent skin irritation by providing a protective barrier to keep out irritants and prevent rubbing and chafing.  In fact, Silicone Barrier can help glide certain compression garments into place due to its excellent ability to prevent friction that frequently causes skin injuries.

Providing Nutrients and Decreasing Scarring

Another important benefit of Silicone Barrier is that it provides nutrients to skin.  Many individuals requiring compression therapy have compromised circulation that does not allow the proper flow of nutrition from the blood into the skin.  Silicone Barrier provides nutrients including antioxidants, amino acids and vitamins to help strengthen skin and prevent skin damage.  Together with other Viniferamine® skin and wound care products (as discussed above) Silicone Barrier also includes anti-inflammatory ingredients that help reduce irritation, discomfort and scarring.

Besides beneficial nutrients, Silicone Barrier contains a sophisticated silicone complex that remains effective after several soap and water washes.  A small amount of Silicone Barrier is all that is needed to provide a silky, durable barrier to moisture loss.  In addition, the barrier provided by Silicone Barrier is a “breathable” barrier that is non-occlusive, allowing the skin to maintain its normal gaseous exchange to increase skin health.  Furthermore, Silicone Barrier includes ingredients that decrease the risk of infection.

It’s good to know that Viniferamine® Antiseptic Cleanser-CS gently cleanses fragile skin while providing nutrition and antimicrobial ingredients to protect and strengthen skin.  Viniferamine® Silicone Barrier goes on skin easily even when the skin is moist to provide a silky, smooth barrier that helps garments including compression stockings glide into place.  Silicone Barrier also provides nutrients to strengthen skin as well as anti-inflammatory ingredients to help reduce irritation and scarring.

References

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2. Perspect Vasc Surg Endovasc Ther 2009; 21: 65-68.

3. Am Fam Physician 2013; 88: 102-110.

4. J Am Col Certif Wound Spec 2010; 2: 14-23.

5. Int J Mol Sci 2014; 15: 18508-18524.

6.. Diab Vasc Dis Res 2014; 11: 92-102.

7. Oxid Med Cell Longev 2012; ID 560682:1-8.

8. J Pineal Res 2013; 55: 325-356.

9. Int J Gen Med 2011; 4: 105-113.

10. Evid Based Complement Altern Med 2012; ID 650514:1-9.

11. Br J Gen Pract 1999; 49: 823-828.

12. Arch Derm Res 2008; 300: 569-574.

13. J Oleo Sci 2010; 59: 273-280.

14. ISRN Endicronol 2014; 2104: 816307.

15. J Am Acad Dermatol 2005; 52: 1049-1059.

16. Plast Surg Nursing 2007; 27: 73-77.

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18. Plast Reconstr Surg 2011; 128: 306e-313e.

 

Disclaimer: These statements have not been reviewed by the FDA. The decision to use these products should be discussed with a trusted healthcare provider. The authors and the publisher of this work have made every effort to use sources believed to be reliable to provide information that is accurate and compatible with the standards generally accepted at the time of publication. The authors and the publisher shall not be liable for any special, consequential, or exemplary damages resulting, in whole or in part, from the readers’ use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this article. The publisher has no responsibility for the persistence or accuracy of URLs for external or third party Internet websites referred to in this publication and does not guarantee that any content on such websites is, or will remain, accurate or appropriate.

About the author: Nancy Ray, PhD is the Science Officer at McCord Research. Dr. Ray received her PhD in Biochemistry and Biophysics and was a postdoctoral fellow at NIH, Harvard University and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and the University of Iowa. She also earned bachelor of science degrees in Chemistry and Microbiology.

Copyright 2015 McCord Holdings – All Rights Reserved.

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